The Jade Emperor Pagoda (Pagoda Pagoda Ngoc Hoang Phuoc Hai and Tu). Cantonese Chinese Taoist Sanctuary located in the city of Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) built in honor of Jade Emperor.

Jade Emperor Pagoda

One of the most beautiful and famous of Ho Chi Minh City pagodas is the Jade Emperor Pagoda. It is a Taoist pagoda built by the Cantonese Chinese community during the years 1892 to 1909. Turtle sanctuary in the middle of the bustling city of Saigon, this temple is known with the names of Pagoda Ngoc Hoang and also as Tu Hai Phuoc Pagoda.



Information about the Jade Emperor Pagoda


This temple is dedicated to various gods, Taoists and Buddhists of the China-Vietnamita culture and especially to the Jade Emperor, the Supreme of Taoism God. The facades of the Jade Emperor Pagoda are brick painted in pink without greater interest, major architectural and artistic attractions are the tiles and sculptures of roofs and above all, the doors of the temple carvings, authentic works of art and unique style Yin-Yang of the roofs.

To decorate the Pagoda of the Jade Emperor, the Cantonese community was inspired by many Buddhist legends and myths. The doors are carved with figures of men and gods, in the interior of the temple, in the room of 10 hell have the representation of the 1000 torments and flanking the main sanctuary, the giant demon guardians of 4 meters in height.

This pagoda was originally known with the name of Pagoda Ngoc Hoang, but it was renamed in 1984 as Pagoda Phuoc Hai Tu, a name which it retains to this day.


Structure, composition and level of the Jade Emperor Pagoda


Patio outside the Jade Emperor Pagoda

Just pass through the only door to the temple, Phuoc Hai Tu arrived at the courtyard, courtyard divided into 3 parts.
In the first half of the courtyard of the Jade Emperor, we have a small turret with a statue of Ho Phap (Dharmapala) a Buddhist philosopher, after this first part of the courtyard is a small pond with turtles and benches for sitting, recognizable by the huge pot of banyan tree that is in the inside of the pond.

Patio outside the Jade Emperor Pagoda
Patio outside the Jade Emperor Pagoda

The last part of the courtyard, in front of the access to the inside of the Jade Emperor pagoda, have hand left the so-called incinerator, a chimney-shaped structure / boiler where believers burn offerings of paper, since according to religious beliefs, that smoke will reach to the ancestors and deceased in heaven.

Foreign Hai Phuoc Pagoda Jade Emperor
Foreign Hai Phuoc Pagoda Jade Emperor

In that same place of the outside patio, but this time located on the right bank of the entrance to the Temple of Jade, we have shelter for turtles. Turtles in Asian culture represent longevity and are also considered in Vietnam as a symbol of fortune and good luck. At this small retreat at the gates of the pagoda, we have hundreds of these animals, which made value to this place the nickname of the Pagoda of the turtles.

Turtles Jade Emperor Pagoda
Turtles Jade Emperor Pagoda


Building and interior of the Jade Emperor Pagoda

Undoubtedly the best of the Jade Emperor Pagoda is in the main building.
Yin-Yang-shaped roofs are very striking, as well as being works of art. They have been constructed in several alturadas and completed with structures of red wood which are bound with green-colored ceramic tiles. The roofs have characteristic sharp peaks and are sprinkled with numerous sculptures of dragons, symbol of the divine.

Detail of the roofs of the Jade Emperor Pagoda
Detail of the roofs of the Jade Emperor Pagoda


After passing through the impressive carved wooden doors with human and divine figures, have flanking both sides of the Jade Emperor pagoda 2 statues, which are the guardian of the gate (Mon Quan Than, to the right), and the guardian of the area (Tho day Than, to the left).

Guardian of the door of the Jade Emperor Pagoda
Guardian of the door of the Jade Emperor Pagoda
Wood carvings in the Jade Emperor Pagoda
Wood carvings in the Jade Emperor Pagoda


Leaving behind the two guardians of Phuoc Pagoda Hai Tu, a small hallway where we can buy offerings and incense sticks and pay our respects to the Jade Emperor.

Interior Ngoc Hoang Pagoda
Interior Ngoc Hoang Pagoda

Candles and incense in Hai Phuoc Pagoda
Candles and incense in Hai Phuoc Pagoda

Crossing the small Hall of the interior of the Jade pagoda came to call Phat Mau Chuan's altar or mother of 5 Buddhas, prelude to the most famous cockpit of the Jade Emperor Pagoda room of the ten Hells.

Offerings in the Jade Emperor Pagoda
Altar of the Mother of the five Buddhas

The Chamber of 10 Hells
This last room of the pagoda is where the Jade Emperor, the god of heaven, statue easily recognizable by its large mustache typical Cantonese culture. According to legend, the Jade Emperor decides who goes to heaven and who to hell.

This room, the room of 10 Hells, is usually filled with smoke sticks of incense that placed the faithful who come to pray at the Pagoda, as well as multitude of candles, fruit offerings and called the lucky money. On the sides of this room we have panels carved with the representation of the 1000 storms, storms that have to withstand the evil people that resides in each of the 10 Hells.

Main Altar of the Jade Emperor Pagoda
Jade Emperor statue


The Jade Emperor is escorted by 2 sculptures of Guardian demon Giants, sculptures of wood and papier-mâché 4 meters in height. These demon guardians are known with the name of the large diamonds (Tu Dai Kim Cuong) in reference to its hardness.

To the right of the room 10 Hells is the demon Guardian representing the general who defeated the green dragon, dragon that is under your feet. On the left the second demon Guardian, general who defeated the White Tiger, also under his feet.

Guardian demon of the 10 hells room
Guardian demon of the 10 hells room


Hidden behind a door in the left margin of the Hells 10 room, we have a small camera with the statue of Thanh Hoang, the King of hell his red horse-mounted. In that same room, we have called women lounge, lounge with 2 rows of 6 women statues, representing the 12 months of the year. These statues of colorful clothes come normally Vietnamese women seek fertility to conceive children.


Videos of the Jade Emperor Pagoda


These are some videos shot on the outside of Phuoc Hai Tu Pagoda, where the fireplace, courtyard and the sea turtle Sanctuary are. Along with a second video shot on the inside of the Jade Emperor Pagoda as a virtual tour to see the sizes of doors, the figures and the altar where are the statues of the demon wardens and footballer Jade Emperor.

The Jade Emperor Pagoda


Ngoc Hoang Pagoda (Pagoda Phuoc Hai Tu, Jade Emperor Pagoda)



Location of the Jade Emperor Pagoda


The Jade Emperor Pagoda is located in the calle Mai Thi Luu nº 73, at approximately 1 kilometre north of the Cathedral of Saigon, in the limits of the FISD 1 of Ho Chi Minh City.



Getting to the Jade Emperor Pagoda


Due to its proximity to the center of the city of Saigon can go walk (approximately 20 minutes walk from Ben Thanh market) or by taxi (about 5 minutes ride with a price between 1€ and 2€).

Another alternative of displacement until the Phuoc Hai Tu Pagoda are city buses. 36 And 54 buses have a stop in the vicinity of the pagoda.

Gateway to the Jade Emperor Pagoda
Gateway to the Jade Emperor Pagoda


Buses to the Jade Emperor Pagoda


The bus more convenient to navigate to the pagoda of the Jade Emperor is bus 36, which leaves from the Ben Thanh bus station (just opposite Ben Thanh market) and have to get us at the Tran Quang Khai Street (Trần Quang Khải).

The 54 bus departs from Mien Dong bus station and the closest stop to the pagoda is the Vo Thi Sau Street (Vo Thi Sau).


Entry fee and schedule Jade Emperor Pagoda


The Pagoda Phuoc Hai Tu of the Jade Emperor is admission free (donations accepted) and is open daily from 6:00 until 18:00.


Related to the Jade Emperor Pagoda