What to see in Ayutthaya? the ancient capital of Thailand. Ayutthaya kingdom of Siam. Information, schedule, map and prices Ayutthaya historical park. Monuments and ruins of Ayutthaya near Bangkok.

Ayutthaya: the Historical Park of Ayutthaya

In modern Thailand Ayutthaya city refers to the capital of the province of the same name, the province of Ayutthaya and the remains and monuments of the ancient capital of Thailand of the Kingdom of Siam. The ancient city of Ayutthaya is now known with the name of The Ayutthaya Historical Park, located 76 kilometres north of Bangkok.



History, origin and destruction of Ayutthaya


The ancient capital Ayutthaya Thai (Phra Nakhon if Ayutthaya) is a city that was founded in the year 1350 at the heart of the Kingdom of Siam. This great place was governed by a total of 35 Kings different until in 1767 Ayutthaya was totally destroyed by the Burmese armies (the current Burma or Myanmar).

Ayutthaya the ancient capital of Thailand was one of the most important cities of the time with more than 1 million inhabitants. Its location halfway between China, India and Malaysia turned a perfect enclave for trade in Ayutthaya. European, Japanese and Chinese ships used Ayutthaya as port to trade wood, teak, ivory, furs, silk and all sorts of crafts. Many of these merchants claimed that Ayutthaya was the most splendid city that had never seen, even came to be known to Ayutthaya with the nickname of The Venice of the East.

Its maximum splendor Ayutthaya had more than 1500 temples and 4000 statues, which the Burmese armies gave good account to ravage the area and they beheaded the vast majority of statues to demonstrate his power.


Visit the Ayutthaya Historical Park


The Ayutthaya Historical Park, declared a World Heritage site by Unesco in 1981, has much to offer, from temples and museums to an elephant Park.

What to see in Ayutthaya Thailand
To do in Ayutthaya

The ancient city of Ayutthaya (Ayutthaya Historical Park) can be considered an Island nestled between 3 rivers: the River Chao Phraya, Lopburi River and Pa Sak River. The most prominent places of Ayutthaya lie within borders that mark these 3 rivers.


Entrance fee to Ayutthaya Historical Park


To be able to access the Ayutthaya Historical Park is necessary to pay entrance fee. There is a single entry that allows us to visit all the monuments and places of Ayutthaya, you have to purchase of tickets at each place of interest in the ancient capital of Thailand ticket offices. Prices hover between 60 baht and 20 baht (between 0.5€ and 1.5€). Credit cards are not accepted but he is allowed to pay with American dollars.

The vast majority of entrance fees to monuments in Ayutthaya are blue and exactly like each other, the only difference is the stamp imprinted at the box office, seal with the name of the monument or area to visit.

Ticket entry Wat Yai Chaya Mongkol in Ayutthaya
Ticket entry Wat Yai Chaya Mongkol in Ayutthaya
Ticket price at Ayutthaya Historical Park (Thailand)
Ticket price at Ayutthaya Historical Park (Thailand)



Opening the Ayutthaya Historical Park


The Ayutthaya Historical Park opens its doors to daily from 8: 00 until 18: 00 without interruption, although the Sun starts to get around 17: 30.


Getting around Ayutthaya


With a surface of 15 square kilometres, it is necessary to rent a bicycle (40 baht per day), hire the services of a tuk-tuk (from 200 baht time, haggle) or hire a car with driver (from 800 baht for 3 hours, bargain) to be able to move through the area.

Although the tuk-tuk are the funniest way of knowing Ayutthaya, tuk-tuk drivers have a tendency to carry tourists to nearby stores to thus earn a Commission, therefore we recommend the car with driver which costs almost the same as the tuk-tuk is not lost time in stores, it is equipped with air-conditioning and we have trunk to leave backpacks and other belongings during visits.

Tuk - tuk in Ayutthaya Thailand
Tuk - tuk in Ayutthaya


Dress Code For Ayutthaya


There is no restriction with regard to clothing (unlike Grand Palace in Bangkok which is very strict), the only rule is shoes off to enter into certain temples and palaces.


Attractions: What to see in Ayutthaya?


Of all places, ruins and monuments that make up the Ayutthaya Historical Park, the highlight is:
  • Wat Yai Chaya Mongkol: the typical picture of Ayutthaya, architecture shaped stupas or chedis and hundreds of statues of the Buddha dressed in yellow robes.
  • Wat Maha That: the head sculpture of Buddha among the branches of trees, one of the most famous images of Ayutthaya.
  • Viharn Phra Mongkol Bophit: a copy of the Grand Palace in Bangkok which houses an enormous sculpture of Buddha, the largest in Thailand.
  • Wat Lokayasutharam: a huge sculpture of a Buddha reclining style Wat PhoThe Reclining Buddha Bangkok city.
  • Wat Ratchaburana: the monument to the struggle for the throne of the Kingdom of Siam, erected in the same place where they died their contenders.
  • Wat Phra if Sanphet: imposing stupas or chedis containing the ashes of several Kings of Siam.


Wat Yai Chaya Mongkol: stupas and statues of Buddha


This part of the old capital Ayutthaya is that found in better condition, one of the most beautiful and colorful all Ayutthaya areas and therefore one of part of the ancient capital busiest. This site of Ayutthaya dates back to the year 1357 and its name, Wat Yai Chaya Mongkol, meaning the great monastery of fortunate victory, in reference to a victory for the Thai people to the Burmese people.

Ayutthaya Thailand
Ayutthaya Thailand

It is striking fabrics in bright yellow surrounding stupas or chedis, fabrics that also cover hundreds of Buddha statues in the area. At the foot of each Buddha, there is a plaque with the name of the Buddha and what it symbolizes.

Statues of Buddha in Thailand 's ancient capital Ayutthaya
Statues of Buddha in Thailand 's ancient capital Ayutthaya

The great temple or Wat Yai Chaya Mongkol monastery is open to the public and its interior can be visited. This building of Ayutthaya is 62 meters tall and is made up of more than 28000 tonnes of brick. In its interior you can contemplate a well where there is groundwater.

Entrance to the temple Wat Yai Chaya Mongkol in Ayutthaya
Entrance to the temple Wat Yai Chaya Mongkol in Ayutthaya

But the best of this monastery is not inside, but the fantastic views from the top of the stairs of the entire area consists Wat Yai Chaya Mongkol.

Wat Yai Chaya Mongkol (Ayutthaya, Thailand)
Wat Yai Chaya Mongkol (Ayutthaya, Thailand)

Across the complex, we have a reclining Buddha statue, much like Wat Pho reclining Buddha in Bangkok.

Ayutthaya Reclining Buddha (Wat Yai Chaya Mongkol)
Ayutthaya Reclining Buddha (Wat Yai Chaya Mongkol)


Video of Wat Yai Chaya Mongkol

This is a video of the beautiful area of ​​Ayutthaya Wat Yai Chaya Mongkol, the Buddhas and their robes, stupas and gardens.

Wat Yai Chaya Mongkol (Wat Yai Chai Mongkhon) - Ayutthaya



Wat Maha That: Buddha 's head between tree branches


One of the most disturbing photographs of Ayutthaya is the statue of the Buddha between tree branches head which is located in Wat Maha That. Although the sculpture may seem that it has a majestic size, it is surprising that its size will be little more than 40 centimeters.

Head of Buddha from tree branches - Ayutthaya
Head of Buddha from tree branches - Ayutthaya

The sculpture of Buddha 's head is naturally surrounded by tree branches, creating a unique sight, probably the most famous of all Thailand. The tree and sculpture are surrounded by a rope that creates a security perimeter and the famous Buddha, is protected at all times by a security guard sitting by the tree. As respect for the Buddha and as indicated by the signs, it is considered a courtesy bow to the Buddha to show our respects.

Head of Buddha in Ayutthaya Wat Maha That
Head of Buddha in Ayutthaya Wat Maha That

This area of the ancient Ayutthaya was brutally devastated by Burmese armies and today the State is ruinous. Decapitated statues of Buddha can be seen yet.

Ruins of Wat Maha That in Ayutthaya
Ruins of Wat Maha That in Ayutthaya

The remains of Wat Maha That somewhat reminiscent of the ruins of my Son, In central Vietnam.

Wat Maha That Chedis Ayutthaya
Wat Maha That Chedis Ayutthaya

The price of admission to Wat Maha That, 50 baht, seems excessive compared with 20 baht it costs to access Wat Yai Chaya Mongkol. The area comprising Ayutthaya Wat Maha That area, only highlights the famous Buddha head, the rest are ruins and parkland.

Remains of the ancient capital of Ayutthaya Thailand
Remains of the ancient capital of Ayutthaya Thailand


Wat Maha That Video

Video where you can see the famous sculpture of the head of Buddha among the tree branches Wat Maha That.

Wat Maha That - Ayutthaya



Viharn Phra Mongkol Bophit: The Grand Palace in Ayutthaya


This Palace of Ayutthaya, named Viharn Phra Mongkol Bophit that resembles to a large extent to the Grand Palace of Bangkok, it is actually a Buddhist temple which is believed was built in the year 1538. The Palace that can be seen today is a restoration of the year 1957, since the original structure of its roof collapsed due to fire during the fall of the Ayutthaya city before Burma.

Viharn Phra Mongkol Ayutthaya Bophit Palace
Phra Mongkol Ayutthaya Bophit Palace

Highlights of Viharn Phra Mongkhon Bophit is not its architecture but the huge Buddha statue which is inside (one of the largest in Thailand). This Buddha statue measured 12.45 m tall (not counting the base) and 9.55 metres wide. The sculpture is believed data from the year 1448 to the year 1602.

The statue was originally outdoors, until it was seriously damaged by the impact of a lightning strike in the year 1706, made that became that Phra Mongkhon Bophit a Viharn to give shelter to the statue inside the temple.

Buddha statue in the palace of Ayutthaya
Buddha statue in the palace of Ayutthaya

In the back of the temple Viharn Phra Ayutthaya Mongkhon Bophit can find some small vessels to make offerings, much like Wat Pho. Need to get some coins found at the beginning of the row of vessels in a golden urn and go put a few coins as an offering, in each of the vessels.

Offerings in Viharn Phra Mongkol Bophit - Ayutthaya Thailand
Offerings in Viharn Phra Mongkol Bophit - Ayutthaya (Thailand)


Video of Viharn Phra Mongkol Bophit

Video shot around Phra Mongkol Bophit Viharn where we can appreciate the architecture of the temple and the large Buddha inside.

Viharn Phra Mongkol Bophit - Ayutthaya



Wat Ratchaburana


Very close to the head of Buddha Wat Mahathat are the remains of Wat Ratchaburana dates from the year 1424. Outside of these ruins of Ayutthaya highlight the 2 towers and magnificent engravings in stone of apsaras very to the style of the Temples of Angkor in Cambodia.

Wat Ratchaburana - Ayutthaya - Thailand
Wat Ratchaburana - Ayutthaya (Thailand)

These two towers were built in memory of the children of the King Intharachathirat, both contested the throne and finally appeared. He was the third son of the King, Chao Sam Phraya, who succeeded the throne and lifted Wat Ratchaburana in memory of his father and brothers. As curiosity will say that Wat Ratchaburana stands in the same place where the King's sons battled for the throne and died.

Ratchaburana Wat Towers - Ayutthaya
Ratchaburana Wat Towers - Ayutthaya

Although Ratchaburana Wat complex is in the process of restoration, we can get an idea of ​​the splendor of Ayutthaya and the Burmese destruction after the fall of the city, obvious signs on statues decapitated.

Buddha statues in Wat Ratchaburana
Buddha statues in Wat Ratchaburana

On the inside of the towers we have the crypt, which is accessed down a narrow staircase. Although the crypt no longer bears the remains of the King's sons, Yes can be seen the murals on the walls, as well as many precious objects and statues that were recovered (currently exposed in the Museum Chao Sam Phraya) inside.

As curiosity will say that this place was looted in the year 1957, fortunately police caught thieves recovering more than 100 kilos of gold and more than 2,000 handicrafts of incalculable value.

Wat Ratchaburana (Thailand)
Wat Ratchaburana


Wat Video Ratchaburana

In this video you can see the two towers and the crypt inside Wat Ratchaburana.

Wat Ratchaburana - Ayutthaya



Wat Phra Si Sanphet


The Temple of Wat Phra if Sanphet stands in the same place where was located the Royal Palace of the Kingdom of Siam. This Ayutthaya complex dates from the year 1448, where the most prominent are the 3 stupas or chedis, that contained the ashes of three kings of Ayutthaya: King Borommatrailokanat (this chedi), the King Boroma-Rachathirat III (West chedi) and King Ramathibodi II (central chedi).

Wat Phra Si Sanphet (Ayutthaya, Thailand)
Wat Phra Si Sanphet

The Temple of Wat Phra if Sanphet was the chosen scenario to sign alliances between peoples and was also used as a private chapel of the Royal Thai family. The monks were forbidden access, except by Royal invitation for certain ceremonies.

Stupa or chedi at Wat Phra Si Sanphet
Stupa or chedi at Wat Phra Si Sanphet


Video of Wat Phra Si Sanphet

A video of the three stupas and area Wat Phra Si Sanphet.

Wat Phra Si Sanphet - Ayutthaya



Wat Lokayasutharam


In addition to the complex reclining Buddha Wat Yai Chaya Mongkol in Ayutthaya and the famous Wat Pho the city of Bangkok, we have this great sculpture carved reclining Buddha in cement called Wat Lokayasutharam. This Buddha, whose head rests on a Lotus Flower, has dimensions of 37 meters long and 8 meters high.

Reclining Buddha of Ayutthaya - Wat Lokayasutharam
Reclining Buddha of Ayutthaya - Wat Lokayasutharam

This sacred place is a Centre of pilgrimage famous in Thailand, so it is very common to find people making offerings and praying to the Buddha of Wat Lokayasutharam. Although it is usually dressed with yellow tunic so characteristic of Ayutthaya, the Buddha during our visit lacked the tunic.

Wat Lokayasutharam
Wat Lokayasutharam (Ayutthaya, Thailand)


Wat Video Lokayasutharam

A video of the lying Buddha statue in Ayutthaya.

Wat Lokayasutharam - Ayutthaya



Videos of Ayutthaya: virtual visit to Ayutthaya


This is a video with highlights of Ayutthaya: Wat Yai Chaya Mongkol, Wat Maha That, Phra Mongkol Viharn Bophit, Ratchaburana Wat, Wat Wat Phra Si Sanphet and Lokayasutharam.

Video Ayutthaya Historical Park



Maps and tourist Ayutthaya


For those travelers who visit for free the ancient capital of the kingdom of Siam, we leave these planes tourist area and also a map Ayutthaya Historical Park of Ayutthaya.

Tourist map of Ayutthaya Thailand
Thailand Ayutthaya tourist map (click to enlarge)

Map of Ayutthaya Thailand
Thailand Ayutthaya Map (click to enlarge)


How to go from Bangkok to Ayutthaya?


Communications between Bangkok and the city of Ayutthaya are very good. The Ayutthaya Historical Park is 76 kilometres north of Bangkok. To bequeath to the historic Kingdom of Ayutthaya, the ancient capital of the Kingdom of Siam, can go in vans or minibuses, regular line bus, train and boat.

Bus from Bangkok to Ayutthaya (Thailand)
Bus from Bangkok to Ayutthaya (Thailand)

Undoubtedly we recommend Ayutthaya move until van / minibus as it is faster, its price is very affordable and do intermediate stops (to avoid getting lost on the way).
Note: is convenient to take into account that one thing is the Ayutthaya Historical Park and the other, the current city of Ayutthaya.

More information Going to Ayutthaya from Bangkok.


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